What is Acne? How about Acne treatment?
“Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin. It is characterized by blackheads or whiteheads, pimples, oily skin, and possible scarring. It primarily affects areas of the skin with a relatively high number of oil glands, including the face, upper part of the chest, and back. The resulting appearance can lead to anxiety, reduced self-esteem and, in extreme cases, depression or thoughts of suicide”
Sorry guys, some pictures can not be posted ??considering a few squeamish sweeties.
Often referred to as Breakouts, Pimples or Spots, Acne is usually found in places where oil glands are situated – Face, Chests, Shoulder and back. It can sometimes be hot or painful to touch.
Spots caused by Acne can be classified in six; namely:
1. Blackheads (Open Comedones)– this is by far, the most popular of them all. That yellow or black bump surfacing at the top of the acne spot is a pigmentation as a result of the inner linings of hair follicle. This inner lining of hair follicle makes that surface black or yellow in most instances. It is not filled with dirt, as most people would love to believe. Clogged pores by dead skin cells and Sebum (sebaceous gland in the body secretes an oily or waxy mass called sebum to help lubricate the skin) causes black heads. Just imagine a pimple with a black surface ?? ok!
2. Whiteheads (Closed Comedones)– nothing comes out when squeezed. Whiteheads look similar to blackheads on the surface although with white pigments instead. Whiteheads has its surface closed; unlike blackheads, with a “bump” look/ feel protruding the skin. This type is difficult to treat because its pores are closed. In treating Acne, look for products cointaining Salicylic acid, from cleansers, toners, treatments to moisturisers. All in moderation, ofcourse. Retinoids again, are your best friends. Over- the- counter (OTC) retinoids are very ideal for acne treatment. Your dermatologist can prescribe other retinoids if its treatment requires a higher strength where only prescription topical application can help. ?.
3. Papules– those are red bumps that make the skin feel tender and sore. When the walls from the pores break down from severe inflammation.. then Papules. These sores are hard and tender to touch; making pores pink.
4. Pustules – this is just like the Papules but with a white tip at the center of it consisting of a build up of pus! ?. Bumps coming out of the skin is usually red in colour with yellow or white heads on top.
5. Nodules– these are painful bumps, built beneath the surface of the skin and this occurs when clogged, swollen and irritated pores go through more irritation; making it grow larger. They tend to be large and hard. Nodules require prescription medication- Isotretinoin – known by it’s former brand name; you might know it-Accutane. It is a retinoid; therefore it is related to Vitamin A. Nodules are prevented and treated by decreasing the size of oil gland within the pores, done by the Isotretinoin.
6. Cysts– gosh! This is the most severe of them all and it is filled with pus; similar to boils and it is most likely to scar where it grows. Cysts grow deep within the pore of the skin; way further down the first layer of the skin and wayyyyy above the surface of the skin than the nodules.? Isotretinoin can be used to treat a cyst or surgery in some cases. Clogged pores from bacteria, dead skin cells and sebum can cause Cysts.
What to do when you’ve got Acne? Acne treatment: You can choose all self help techniques which are effective (if you know how to go about it) and/or seeking medical assistance.
More information can be found in the next article on Acne treatment.
Grazie… xoxo ?